feb 012012
 

I dag leste jeg til Matutin, om en helgen som nå (i den nye kalenderen) har en helt annen minnedag:

Ignatius, chosen to be the second successor of Peter as bishop of Antioch, was accused of being a Christian during Traian’s reign and condemned to be sent to the beasts in Rome. As he was being brought from Syria in chains, he kept teaching all the cities of Asia which he went through, exhorting them as a messenger of the Gospel and instructing the more distant ones by his letters. In one of these letters, which he wrote to the Romans from Smyrna while he was enjoying Polycarp’s companionship, among other matters he said this about his own death sentence: “O helpful beasts that are being made ready for me! when will they come? When will they be sent out? When will they be allowed to devour my flesh And I hope that they will be made the more fierce, lest by chance, as has happened in the case of others, they may fear to touch my body. Now I am beginning to be Christ’s disciple. Let fire, crosses, beasts, the tearing apart of my limbs, the torment of my whole body and all the sufferings prepared by the devil’s art be heaped upon me all at once, if only I may attain Jesus Christ. When he had arrived in Rome, he heard the lions roaring and, burning with desire for martyrdom, he burst out, “I am the wheat of Christ; let me be ground by the teeth of the beasts so that I may be found pure bread.” He suffered in the eleventh year of Trajan’s reign.

katolsk.no leser vi om tidspuntene for hans minnedag:

… Hans angivelige dødsdag 17. oktober ble feiret i Syria allerede fra 300-tallet og er i 360 avmerket i kalenderen fra Nikomedia i Bithynia i Lilleasia (i dag Izmit i Tyrkia). I Roma ble han ikke feiret før på 1100-tallet. I den romerske kalenderen ble han til 1969 feiret den 1. februar, men nå altså den 17. oktober. Den syriske kirken feirer ham også den 17. oktober, mens kopterne minnes ham den 3. januar. I Martyrologium Romanum og Beda den Ærverdiges martyrologium (og den engelske Book of Common Prayer) er han oppført under translasjonsdagen 17. desember. En annen translasjonsdag er 29. januar.

Østkirken feirer ham 20. desember, som skal være datoen for overføringen av den helliges relikvier til basilikaen i Antiokia som ble bygd over et hedensk tempel. Denne datoen ble også overtatt i vest, i følge Hieronymus’ kalender. Den store variasjonen i festdager skyldes hovedsakelig de mange translasjonene av martyrenes relikvier. Den tredje translasjonen var fra Antiokia til Roma. …

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